What Is Tree Pruning?
An important part of tree care is proper pruning. It will contribute to the healthy growth of your trees, but it shouldn’t be confused with trimming tree branches. There is a difference between the two.
So, let’s answer the question: “What is tree pruning?” and find out how it’s different from tree trimming.
Why Trim Or Prune Your Trees?
Left alone, your trees can become unwieldy, with branches growing in various directions. This uneven growth can leave your trees looking scraggly, unbalanced or misshapen. Overgrowth can also have an impact on the health of the tree and any adjoining plants. Extra branches can prevent them from getting the moisture, nutrients and light they need to thrive.
This is where trimming comes in.
What is Tree Trimming?
Tree trimming helps trees, shrubs, and hedges grow in a healthy manner. It’s focused primarily on aesthetics. You trim to maintain a tree’s desired shape and appearance.
When trimming, try not to remove more than 25% of a tree’s canopy at one time.
Clean out the clutter (like dead branches). You should also trim away growth coming from the roots or base of the trunk.
But if your tree is really overgrown and out of shape, you may need to prune instead.
What Is Tree Pruning?
Pruning is when you selectively remove branches from a tree. The goal is to remove unwanted branches, improve the tree’s structure, and direct new, healthy growth.
Pruning is a little more involved since it typically calls for making two types of cuts: heading cuts to shorten single branches and thinning cuts to remove branches.
Heading cuts should be made at a 45-degree angle and placed just after a healthy bud. A thinning cut should occur as closely as possible to the location where a branch intersects with its primary limb.
But different tree species will call for different cuts. If you cut branches in the wrong direction or wrong spot, you can do more damage than good.
When To Prune Your Trees
The best time to prune your trees is late fall or early spring. In both cases, it’s right on the cusp of the dormant seasons.
This makes it easier to see the structure of your trees because they are either free of leaves or are about to be. This makes it easier to see what branches need trimming and makes it easier to make proper cuts outside the branch collar and in the direction of growth.
When Not To Trim Or Prune
In short, done correctly, trimming or pruning will help the structural integrity of your tree. But there are times when you should avoid it.
If your canopy is high enough that it’s getting close to power lines, you may need to call in a company that offers pruning services.
Safari Tree offers a 7-Step Tree Healthcare Program that’s perfectly designed for Michigan’s four-season climate. With 15 years of knowledge and expertise, the professionals at Safari Tree help maintain healthy trees and shrubs all year round. Contact us today.