Ticks in Michigan 2019 and How to Stay Safe

Tips for Staying Safe as Lyme Disease Carrying Ticks Spread to Eastern Michigan: The beginning of summer marks the beginning of long days at the lake and even longer nights hanging around the campfire, but it also marks the beginning of the 2019 tick season Michigan. Ticks in Michigan are nothing new, but this particular season has experts worried…

Tips for Staying Safe as Lyme Disease Carrying Ticks Spread to Eastern Michigan: The beginning of summer marks the beginning of long days at the lake and even longer nights hanging around the campfire, but it also marks the beginning of the 2019 tick season Michigan. Ticks in Michigan are nothing new, but this particular season has experts worried, as the blacklegged/deer tick is making its way further east. What’s so threatening about the deer tick? It carries the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease.

According to Click on Detroit, the blacklegged tick is no stranger to Michigan. However, until recently, the deer tick has made its home in the western Upper and Lower Peninsulas. Now, the tick has been spotted as far east as Detroit. What’s more, in 2017, there were more than 300 cases of Lyme disease in humans; two-thirds of victims claim to have been exposed to the disease in Michigan.

If you are experiencing problems with ticks and need immediate assistance, Safari Tree offers a pest control service including a tick control service, mosquito control services, ant control services, mole control for lawns and a spider control service.

Symptoms of Lyme Disease: Have You Been Exposed?

Ticks in Michigan 2019

Unfortunately, ticks are stealthy, which means that most people are unaware that they’ve even been bitten. This is often the case even if a tick stays attached for one to two days, which is about how long they need to transmit bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. If you or a loved one have been bitten by a tick and are unsure about how long it was attached, remain vigilant for signs and symptoms of Lyme disease, which often mimic those of the flu. Below are two lists: one detailing the early signs of Lyme disease and one detailing the symptoms that indicate the disease has progressed.

Early Signs of Lyme Disease

  • Fever, headache, muscle aches, chills and swollen lymph glands
  • Erythema migrans rash
    • EM occurs in approximately 70-80% of cases
    • Begins within three to 30 days and at the location of the tick bite, but may eventually extend to other parts of the body
    • Gets bigger over time
    • May be warm to the touch
    • Occasionally looks like a bulls-eye, but not always

Signs Lyme Disease Has Progressed

  • Sore neck and severe headaches
  • EM rashes across other areas of the body
  • Joint swelling and pain
  • Loss of muscle control in the face
  • Pain and tenderness in joints, muscles and bones
  • Abnormal heart rate
  • Shortness of breath and dizziness
  • Short-term member problems
  • Shooting pain, tingling or numbness in the hands and feet

If left untreated, the disease has the potential to spread to the heart, joints and nervous system, systematically shutting down the body’s system. However, the good news is that the majority of early cases are treatable with antibiotics.

Minimizing Your Risk of Lyme Disease

The goal if this article is not to scare you but rather, to inform you. You can protect yourself, your loved ones and your pets from ticks and the diseases they carry with a bit of forethought and preventative measures.

First and foremost, avoid tick-infested areas. This includes tall grasses, overgrown brush and woodpiles. Do not let your pets into these areas either, as animals that come into contact with ticks outdoors often bring them inside.

When outdoors, use insect repellent. Strong formulas such as DEET 20-30% is often effective in keeping ticks and other undesirable insects at bay. Be sure to treat your clothes as well, as ticks have been known to hang out in fabrics until opportune times.

You should also always perform daily tick checks. Feel through your hair, under your armpits, behind your knees and other places a tick might hide. Bathing or showering after being outdoors can help you more easily locate attached ticks. If you find a tick, carefully remove it with a pair of tweezers and cleanse the area with an antiseptic.

Call in the Professionals

One of the best ways to keep ticks at bay during the 2019 tick season in Michigan is to allow Safari Tree to spray your yard. Contact Safari Tree to learn more about our pest control services.

Ticks in Michigan map

What Tree Diseases Cause The Most Concern in Michigan?

Tree care, tree disease, and tree fungus treatment are a few of Safari Tree’s specialties. Let’s take a look at some of the most common tree diseases in Michigan that our tree service treats here at Safari Tree.

Tree Cankers

Tree diseases in michigan

Cankers are dead areas of bark that are located on the trunk, branches, and/or twigs of a tree. Cankers are caused by numerous species of fungi that infect stressed or wounded trees, killing the living bark. Infected trees are characterized by discoloration, oozing sap, and sunken areas, cankers are some of the most difficult disease problems to manage.

The best canker management is preventative. Keeping trees healthy and stress-free will reduce the risk of infection considerably. If a tree does have a canker, the entire infected area should be removed, sterilizing the pruning tools between cuts. Pruning should not be done during wet or humid weather to minimize the spread of disease. Avoid wounding trees when doing yard work or mowing as this leaves the tree much more vulnerable to infection.

Oak Wilt Fungus

Oak wilt is a lethal disease caused by a fungus, which invades and disables the water-conducting system in white, red and other oak tree species. Different species of oaks vary in susceptibility to the disease. Red oaks typically die within 4 to 6 weeks of initial symptom development, while white oaks may survive or take 1 to 6 months to defoliate and die. Oak wilt is most often spread via root grafts between interconnected and grafted root systems. Root graft disruption and fungicidal treatments aid in preventing the spread of oak wilt.

How does oak wilt spread? Sap feeding beetles are the most common insect vector, along with bark beetles. They feed on fungal spore mats that form between the bark and the wood of the oak and carry oak wilt spores to wounds on uninfected trees. In the northern range, overland transmission takes place throughout the spring and early summer, while in the south it can occur any time of the year. Fresh wounds attract beetle vectors (carriers), so it’s important not to prune oaks during the season that spore mats are present.

In the north, prune only during the dormant season; in the south, we recommend pruning only during December and January. Pruning paint is only necessary for wounds occurring during the growing season in the north, however, in the south, seal all wounds regardless of the season.

Pine Needle Scale 

Pine needle scales








The Pine needle scale is a hard or armored scale. Scales are aphid-like insects that produce a hard waxy shell to protect themselves from predators and environmental conditions.

Pine needle scale females resemble legless bumps and damage plants with their sucking mouthparts. The smaller male scales have wings and while in the nymph stage also feed on plants. The female scale continues to feed as they produce over a hundred eggs under their shell. The mater female dies, but the eggs survive the winter under the protection of the shell.

In the spring and summer of the following year, the eggs hatch into an immature stage called the “crawler” stage. The crawlers, also called nymphs, move out from under the shell and find a new location on which to feed. As they settle, they begin to produce their hard shell. Pine needle scales feed primarily on the needles of trees. Unlike soft scales and aphids, which feed on the circulatory system of the tree, armored scales feed on the contents of individual cells. Since they destroy cells, they can cause significant dieback of infected stem tissues and in severe infestations, even the death of trees.

Symptoms of pine needle scale may include some or all of the following: thin sparse needles, white spots on needles, white waxy scale coverings, and extensive needle and branch death.

Soft Scale Diseases

Tree Scale

Soft scale, similar to pine needle scales, are also aphid-like creatures that feed on the sap of trees. Young scales, referred to as crawlers, feed on the foliage whereas adult scales feed directly on the branches. All soft scales feed on the sap contents of the tree, which means they are susceptible to systemic insecticides.

Applying dormant oils and contact insecticides during the crawler stage of the scale can also be effective. Using contact insecticide applications and the timing is critical to effective control.

Symptoms of soft scale may include some or all of the following: tip die back in branches, stunted chlorotic foliage, premature leaf drop and branch dieback, honeydew secretions on the tips of branches, and also black sooty mold growth on the honeydew.

Anthracnose Fungus

anthracnose leaf tree disease

Continuing with our common tree diseases series, one of the most common fungal diseases are anthracnose, which can infect ash, oak, maple, and sycamore trees, as well as other tree species. The fungus causes dead blotches on the leaves that disrupt photosynthesis and transpiration with can eventually lead up to spring leaf drop. As leaves mature, they become less susceptible to the pathogen. Repeat defoliation by anthracnose can directly impact the tree’s overall health and it is important to stop this disease before it begins to spread.

The life cycle of this particular fungus is noticeable to the naked eye. In the late fall and early spring months, black pimple-like bumps will develop on infected leaves from the previous year. The wind blows spores to nearby trees, causing the fungus to spread rapidly. The primary infections produce secondary spores which affect other leaves and fruit. The secondary infections of this disease can and will continue throughout the growing season during wet periods of time.

Rhizosphaera Needle Cast

 Rhizosphaera Needle Cast is a foliage disease of spruce trees. This disease can cause significant damage to trees growing outside of their native range. Older, inner needles show symptoms first, and as the disease progresses, newer needles will begin showing symptoms as well. Infected needles first appear mottled or speckled with dull yellowish blotches, and as the disease progresses, the needles will begin to turn brown to purplish-brown. The needles then drop (cast) anywhere from 3 to 15 months after the infection has occurred and also depends on the type of spruce species infected.

If defoliation occurs for 3 to 4 consecutive years, branches begin to die. The disease rarely kills larger trees, however, they may become so disfigured that they lose all of their ornamental value.

Safari Tree Can Protect Your Landscape

Are your trees under threat? For healthy trees, contact one of our Certified Arborists today to learn more about our preventative treatment plans.

In addition to tree care, Safari Tree offers a pest control service including mosquito control services, ant control services, mole control for lawns, and a spider control service.


Advanced Tree Care For The Summer

Summer is one of the hardest seasons on trees.  That’s why you need advanced tree care. Extreme heat, combined with little water can put a tremendous amount of stress on your trees, making them susceptible to infestations and diseases. 

Safari Tree is Southeast Michigan’s advanced tree care expert tree service. So, we put together a list of tips for homeowners to give their trees the attention needed this summer.

Check The Soil

Poor soil conditions can cause a number of issues for your trees.  Check the pH balance of your soil to ensure your trees are getting the nutrients they need.  Also, soil compaction can prevent strong root growth and the trees’ ability to take in much-needed water.

Deep Watering

 Unlike lawns that need to be watered regularly, many trees prefer the soil to be deeply soaked once a week.  Depending on the size of the tree, water a foot or two away from the base of the trunk.

Watch For Pests

Many bugs love to shade themselves under the leaves of the trees.  Stand under your tree and look up…if you see a noticeable population, you may need to purchase an insecticide or call in an arborist.  

Look For Signs

Leaves are typically the first indicator if there’s an issue with the tree.  Chew marks, discoloration, and leaf distortion are signs that your tree may have a disease or infestation.

Mulch Smart

Do not mound mulch up the tree trunk!  There are cells at the base of the trunk that take in carbon and air – much-needed nutrients.  Mulch only needs to be approximately 2 inches from the ground.   

Avoid Watering Leaves

 Some people find it tempting to “cool down” their trees on a hot day by spraying the leaves with water.  Those water droplets can act as a magnifying glass in the hot sun and actually burn the leaves.  Keep watering to the root zone!

How TO mulch a tree in Michigan

You should also try to keep fertilization to a minimum.  Unless the tree is in obvious need of help, there’s no reason to fertilize in the summer. Trees require a healthy dose of nutrients after a harsh winter, and again in the fall, after a stressful summer.

Founded in Grand Blanc and headquartered in Rochester Hills, Lush Lawn – Safari Tree has been providing Southeast Michigan with superior lawn and tree care since 2004. 

In addition to tree care, Safari Tree offers a pest control service including mosquito control services, ant control services, mole control for lawns, and a spider control service.

The company currently operates four branches in Southeast Michigan (Rochester Hills, Grand Blanc, Brighton, and Plymouth) and employs over 90 sales and service personnel, as well state-certified technicians and arborists. 

What is Black Knot Disease?

Black knot disease is a serious fungal disease that can hurt fruit trees by killing new growth and disfiguring the tree. Commonly affecting plum trees and cherry trees, this disease can devastate your trees and ruin your orchard. It spreads quickly and can overtake an orchard in no time. If you have fruit trees on your property, you need to be aware of the way this disease could affect your trees, what you can do if you notice signs of it, and be aware that tree disease and tree fungus treatment from a tree care expert such as Safari Tree may be necessary.

What Is Black Knot Fungus?

Black knot fungus is caused by the Apiosporina morbosa fungus. It causes knobby dark growths on the tree’s trucks or branches. While mature trees can handle the fungus, those with weak branches or the trees that are younger cannot, and the disease can lead to tree death.

Black knot fungus is also dangerous because of how quickly it can spread. During the winter, it remains dormant in the tree, so it appears that the fungus has gone away. Then in the spring, rain allows the fungus to release spores, which can spread on the wind. These spores take hold on different trees, spreading the disease throughout the orchard. This chronic problem will continue to spread year after year, so you need to deal with it decisively.

Black Knot Disease

What Are the Symptoms of Black Knot?

The most obvious symptom of black knot disease is a large gnarled black swelling, which is called a gall. However, if you can spot earlier signs before the large black gall develops, you can start treatment more easily.

At the start of the disease, the tree will develop small olive-green swellings. Over the next two to three years, these will grow and turn black. The final gall will grow to be four to six inches in size. Once the gall matures, it start producing spores which spread to other trees. Eventually, the gall will grow large enough to completely surround the branch, killing the leaves beyond the point of the gall.

How to Get Rid of Black Knot

Black knot can be a challenging disease to treat. One of the first steps to take when you notice the problem is to prune the tree. Identify and remove all the branches that have obvious black knot towards the end of the winter. Aim to prune four inches below the fungal growth, just in case the disease has spread but is not yet visible. After pruning the tree, disinfect the pruning tools so you do not inadvertently spread the disease to a healthy tree. Remember that the pruned branches can spread the disease, so dispose of them properly.

After removing the galls, apply fungicides, especially in younger trees. Fungicide is most effective if applied after the flower has budded, but before it is in full bloom. Choose a fungicide that is designed for your region for the most effectiveness.

This job is not an easy one to tackle. You must be able to identify all of the infected branches of the tree, and remove them effectively, or the tree will simply develop a new infection. The best way to deal with black knot is to hire a certified arborist who can identify the black knot fungus and treat the trees as effectively as possible.

If your cherry trees, plum trees or other fruit trees are showing signs of black knot disease, get help right away. Regular checkups from a Safari Tree arborist will help identify black knot fungus before it gets out of hand.

Common Signs of Tree Disease

Nobody wants to deal with a tree disease. Trees are beautiful to look at, fun to climb and lovely to sit under when you need some shade. But most importantly, trees provide the life-giving oxygen that all life on earth needs to survive. That’s why it’s so important to monitor your trees for tree disease symptoms and contact a tree service such as Safari Tree before disease sets in.

Once an infection takes hold, if not properly treated, your trees may need to be removed. Safari Tree, Michigan’s premiere tree care experts takes Michigan tree disease and tree fungus treatment issues seriously so we have compiled this guide so that you can learn the warning signs and keep your trees happy and healthy.


Check the Bark

The bark is like a tree’s skin and can tell you a lot about the health of your tree. As with human skin, healthy bark will look healthiest when it is soft and flexible. If your tree’s bark seems brittle, scratchy or is noticeably flaking, this means your tree is fighting for its life.

Additionally, bald spots can also signify tree bark diseases. There are many things that can make a tree sick from bacteria, fungi and bug infestations to issues with birds.

Monitor the Leaves

While it’s normal for trees to lose leaves during the fall, if you notice sudden, unexplained leaf loss the rest of the year, it might be time to call in the professionals. The leaves are one of the first signs that can clue you in to a potentially sick tree.

If it’s spring or summer and you notice that your leaves are shriveled, dry and dropping from the tree at an excessive rate, your tree will need some TLC stat. Other symptoms can include strange spots or patches of rust on the leaves. These are also signs of shrub disease symptoms and will need professional treatment.

Watch out for Wild Mushrooms

Mushrooms and other types of fungus are never good news for a tree. If you see patches of mushrooms growing on the bark or the trunk, call us at Safari Tree right away. There are fungicides that can get rid of these nasty infections but if fungus spreads, it can kill the tree.

Falling Branches

It’s normal for branches to fall every now and again. This is especially true if there has recently been a great deal of wind or a storm. However, like leaves, if you notice excessive falling branches, take a closer look. If they are dried out or rotten, there may be an insect infestation taking hold.

Sick Roots

The root network is arguably the most important part of a tree. Roots provide the tree with essential nutrients and water from the ground and also are responsible for keeping a tree erect and secure. However, if the roots of your tree get nicked by lawnmowers, get overly soggy from over-watering or display signs of wood ears or patches of mushrooms, your tree could be vulnerable to sickness. If your tree roots look sick or you aren’t quite sure if they are at risk, contact us today.

Michigan Tree Disease Control

With proper maintenance, trees can grow for decades offering shade, beauty and fun. But if you suspect your tree might be sick, contact Safari Tree for help battling the infection. We specialize in the treatment of sick trees and also provide removal services for any trees that are past the point of help. Our team also has a seasonal tree care program for tree disease prevention. This includes Ash tree disease prevention.

Sick trees can be dangerous as they are more brittle and can easily break, whether that’s the trunk or branches, and cause damage to property or any people or pets nearby. Contact us for a free estimate. We look forward to caring for your trees.

How Is Tree Fungus Treated?

As a homeowner in South East Michigan, you take great pride in all aspects of your property. This includes trees, which must be properly maintained and cared for to ensure they remain healthy and robust. That’s why securing effective tree care techniques such as tree disease and tree fungus treatment is so important. Unlike other threats to your trees, such as insect infestations, tree fungus may not be readily apparent to the untrained eye. Safari Tree can help you identify any possible issues and offer a reliable solution. We believe in a comprehensive approach to tree health, which is why our Michigan tree fungus services are so trusted by local clients.

Tree cankers caused by tree fungus

The first step to tree fungus control is to identify any possible issues. There’s a range of tree diseases to look out for, each of which presents with specific signs and symptoms. Being aware of these signs will help you determine the specific threat facing your tree and allow you to take the proper steps to find a reasonable solution. The following are just a few things to look out for if you’re concerned about the health of your trees this summer.

Tree Cankers

Bacteria often cause cankers, but a tree fungus can also be to blame. The problem usually begins with an injury to the tree. Once the injury occurs spores make their way inside, which results in obvious defects. While it depends on the type of tree canker, look for things like ridged calluses which can be rather large in size.

These callouses will continue to grow and grow, until splits in the bark form. These areas will be discolored while also giving off a foul smell, as well as cause leaves to shrivel and die. If left unchecked, the tree’s vascular system will eventually become infected.

Professional tree fungus services are crucial in this case. Pruning can alleviate the issue, but it must be done carefully to prevent the fungus from spreading. You should also take steps to prevent injuries to your tree, such as applying a safe insect repellant.

Tree Rust Spot

Much like its impact on metal, tree “rust” grows on trees gradually. This fungal infection usually targets the leaves, and while there are innumerable types of rust that attack different trees, there are a few common signs to look for if you suspect an issue. For instance, tree rust spot often causes bumps on leaves.

Leaves may also become deformed, and after so long they will wither and die without proper treatment. The first sign of rust is discoloration on leaves, which start as white sports before changing to colors like red, brown, and orange. Identifying the correct type of fungus is key to providing treatment. Then remove any infected leaves and apply a fungicide.


Some types of Michigan tree fungus thrive on the area’s cool, moist climate. This is the case with anthracnose. But by using the proper treatment methods, you can avoid serious damage. Spring is the most likely time for anthracnose since the temperature and rainy conditions make for an ideal breeding ground.

Leaf damage will also be prevalent, including brown-colored lesions that continue to become darker in color until leaves are finally shed. Fungus on tree branches may also be evident, and fruit-bearing trees will show signs on the fruit itself. Additionally, anthracnose can easily spread from tree to tree, which illustrates the importance of getting it under control quickly.

Safari Tree Care

Safari Tree is here to help you identify, treat, and prevent common tree fungi and other diseases. Our tree health care programs take a holistic approach to trees and plants, including the application of insecticide, fungal sprays, and fertilizer. We also offer a pest control service, including rodents, mosquitoes, fleas, and ants. Call (855) 317-5965 today to schedule tree service at your home.

Mosquito Fogging and Other Forms of Residential Mosquito Control

Mosquitos spoil outdoor activities, but mosquito fogging can save them. The welts left behind from their bites are often itchy and painful. Scratching them hard enough to tear the skin can lead to infection. On top of that, mosquitos can be dangerous too. They can carry viruses that cause potentially life-threatening diseases.

Many homeowners are now taking steps to protect their properties with residential mosquito control services in the form of fogging and other methods from Safari Tree whose expert pest control service is trained to handle mosquitos and other outdoor pests.

Mosquito Control Service

What Is Mosquito Fogging?

Mosquito fogging is a way to kill large numbers of adult mosquitos at the same time. You’re actually spraying small droplets of a synthetic pesticide into the area. When adult mosquitos come in contact with droplets of the pesticide that linger in the air after the fogging is complete, they are killed instantly, meaning they no longer pose a threat.

Is Mosquito Fogging Harmful to Humans or Wildlife?

The concentration of pesticides used in mosquito fogging is so small that it only poses a danger to mosquitos and insects of similar size. Neither animals, plants, nor human beings are harmed by it. The chemicals involved are also odorless, so you are unlikely to detect any evidence of the fogging in the air after it takes place.

In fact, you’re in greater danger from mosquitos themselves than fogging. Mosquitos carry viruses that can cause a number of diseases. If an infected mosquito bites you, you have the potential to contract the diseases, some of which can be deadly. Mosquito-borne diseases in North America include the following:

  • West Nile virus has been present in the United States since 1999. Infections can be mild or severe. Severe infections can cause neurological symptoms including partial paralysis, seizures, tremors, or coma.
  • St. Louis encephalitis is a rare but serious mosquito-borne infection found throughout the United States that causes swelling and inflammation of the brain.
  • Zika virus is found mostly in tropical and subtropical climates. It can cause neurological disorders in adults, as well as birth defects if a woman becomes infected while pregnant.

Are There Limits to the Effectiveness of Mosquito Fogging?

Mosquito fogging will remain effective at killing adult mosquitos for approximately three weeks at a time. After 21 days or so, it will be necessary to have another treatment to continue unbroken protection from adult mosquitos on your property. But it won’t destroy eggs.

Fortunately, there are other mosquito control services like larvicidal surface water treatment available to prevent larval mosquitos from becoming adults. You can also take the preventative step of draining any unnecessary standing water from your property.


Can You Perform Mosquito Fogging Yourself?

There are products available for do-it-yourself mosquito fogging. However, remember that the process is only safe when you follow the instructions on the label to the letter. It is better to leave mosquito fogging in the hands of the professionals, as an amateur mistake has the potential to cause harm to you or to the environment.

Are There Alternatives to Pesticides?

While the chemicals used in traditional mosquito fogging are safe and effective, some homeowners are uncomfortable with the idea of using poisons in their yards that could have unforeseen effects on their families or the natural environment. Unlike some mosquito control companies, we understand this concern, and that’s why we offer organic mosquito control solutions that are just as effective, yet use natural materials that won’t harm the environment or cause unpleasant side effects.

What Are You Waiting For?

Mosquito season will soon be here again. Contact Safari Tree today to discuss which mosquito control services will work best to protect you, your family, and your property.

When To Prune Trees and Shrubs

If you’re wondering when to prune trees and shrubs, look no further. As a homeowner, you work hard to keep your property in top condition. For outdoor spaces, that means paying special attention to exterior structures and landscaping. Your maintenance routine should include a tree and shrub care program that promotes healthy growth and aesthetically pleasing results.

Safari Tree’s expert tree service can give you some expert tips to help you achieve these goals.

Start With the Basics

Nourishment and support are key factors for tree and shrubbery upkeep. Before you think about pruning, you need to make sure that you give your plants essential nutrients and protect them against pest damage. To start them off right and boost their growth, we recommend tree and shrub services with a multi-season approach:

  • Spring: Apply dormant oil and a deep root feeding.
  • Summer: Perform multiple rounds of insecticide and fungal spray applications.
  • Fall: Do a deep root feeding and apply anti-desiccant spray.

In early spring, an initial application of dormant oil inhibits pest infestations and staves off damage to trees and shrubs. Dormant oils are formulated to kill harmful insects and prevent their eggs from hatching. Deep root feedings in the spring and fall consist of fertilizers, delivering nutrients directly to the roots to help plants thrive all year. Safari Tree’s pest control service continues throughout the summer with insecticide and fungal sprays, designed to keep destructive organisms away. Anti-desiccant spray help trees and shrubs retain moisture during deep freezes, protecting them from drying out and suffering from winter burn.

Pruning 101: Understanding the Techniques

Besides nutrition and pest control, pruning is a vital step in caring for your shrubs and trees. It can help improve their health, shape their growth patterns and even encourage flower and fruit production. Many homeowners don’t feel confident in their pruning abilities. You needn’t be afraid to perform this simple task, but the techniques are important.

Pruning typically involves making two types of cuts: heading cuts to shorten single branches and thinning cuts to remove branches. Heading cuts should be made at a 45-degree angle and placed just after a healthy bud. A thinning cut should occur as closely as possible to the location where a branch intersects with its primary limb.

Your first goal is to remove dead, diseased, dying and damaged branches to keep each plant in good condition. You should also prune suckers or odd branches that sprout near the base or roots. Several other types are prime pruning candidates:

  • Limbs that sag or seem to compete with a tree’s central leader
  • Branches that grow too close to or rub against others
  • Branches forming acute angles with the trunk
  • Watersprouts, or fast-growing vertical branches originating from the trunk or older branches

Develop Your Pruning Regimen

Knowing when to prune is also critical to achieving best results. Not only that, each tree and shrub category has its own particular pruning needs. Summer-flowering species benefit most from pruning in late winter or early spring, while they’re still dormant. New growth on random-branching conifers such as junipers and yews can also be pruned during this time. In early summer, prune whorl-branching conifers along and spring-flowering plants after their blossoms have declined. Trees with heavy springtime sap flow should be pruned in midsummer.

When is it a bad idea to prune? Some homeowners make the mistake of doing so during fall or early winter. However, this practice can injure plants and impede new growth. During this season, only branches that are dead, dying, diseased or crossing each other should be removed.

Tree and Shrub Care Services in Southeast Michigan

With 15 years of knowledge and expertise, the professionals at Safari Tree help maintain healthy trees and shrubs all year round. For a free quote, complete our online form or call us toll-free at (844) 500-8733.